Joint pain can affect just one joint or many, and can be caused by injury, overuse, or bursitis (an inflammation or irritation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that acts to reduce friction on a joint). Osteoarthritis can also cause joint pain and most commonly affects the knees, hips, spine and hands.
The foot is made up of 26 bones and contains more than 30 joints. Multiply that by two and you have nearly 120 finely tuned parts that are almost constantly in motion. When our feet aren’t simply getting us from A to B, they are helping us to play a sport or drive a car. In fact, our feet put in some serious leg work daily.
The foot is divided into three distinct sections called the hindfoot (the heel and ankle), midfoot (the arch of the foot) and forefoot (the toes and flat part of the foot). Many of the muscles that move the foot are in the lower leg and these particular muscles are attached via tendons to the various bones.
Foot pain may be caused by different reasons, but it most commonly happens when people are participating in sports, standing for long periods on hard surfaces or carrying excess weight.
Another common cause of foot pain is footwear. Wearing shoes that are too tight or wearing high heels can cause pain located in the balls of the feet. It’s also important not to tie shoelaces too tightly as this may cause pain and bruising on the top of the foot.
A sprain of the foot or ankle occurs when ligaments that hold the bones together are overstretched and their fibers tear or stretch too far. The looseness of ligaments in these joints may also lead to foot pain.